Laboratory Electrophoresis Systems

Electrophoresis is an analytical method in which a controlled electrical current is used to separate biomolecules according to their size/electrical charge ratio, using a gelatinous matrix as a base. This technique has a variety of practical uses, such as forensic medicine for human identification, the human genome project, protein and gene mutation research, and clinical diagnostic testing. Electrophoresis is performed with equipment made up of a negative charge at one end and a positive charge at the other, called an electrophoresis system. When inserting charged molecules, in this environment, the negative ones will go to one end and the positive ones to the corresponding other. For example, when analyzing proteins on a gel, these kits take the entire protein for size analysis. In this way, the shorter ones will migrate to the poles more quickly and will be reflected at the bottom of the gel. Instead, the longest will be at the top.

What is electrophoresis?

Electrophoresis is an analytical method in which a controlled electrical current is used in order to separate biomolecules according to their size to electrical charge ratio, using a gelatinous matrix as a base.

This technique has a variety of practical uses, such as forensic medicine for identification of individuals, the human genome project, protein and gene mutation research, and clinical diagnostic testing.

Electrophoresis is carried out with equipment made up of a negative charge at one end and a positive charge at the other, called an electrophoresis system.

When inserting charged molecules, in this environment, the negative ones will go to one end and the positive ones to the other corresponding one. For example, when analyzing proteins in a gel, in these teams, the complete protein is taken to analyze its size. 

Our best selling Electrophoresis System:

Abundant buffer not only ensures cooling effects, but also keeps the pH value stable during the whole process of the experiment.
Deployed electrodes make repair and part replacement quick and easy.
With the swatch background color design on the tray, it is convenient to add the swatch.
The transparent top cap effectively prevents the cell liquid from volatilizing and prevents electricity leakage.
Auto-off when lid is removed.

How does electrophoresis work?

Each model that we, KALSTEIN, as a Laboratory Equipment company, offers you, has different settings, parts and characteristics that range from the concept of different refrigeration and freezing temperatures to design, you can see it through our online purchase channels

The gel used in gel electrophoresis is usually made from a material called agarose, which is a gelatinous substance extracted from seaweed. This porous gel could be used to separate macromolecules 

The gel is immersed in a salt buffer solution in an electrophoresis chamber. Tris-borate-EDTA (TBE) is commonly used as the buffer. Its main function is to control the pH of the system. The chamber has two electrodes at its two ends.

The samples that need to be analyzed are then loaded into tiny wells on the gel with the help of a pipette. Once the load is ready, an electrical current of 50-150 V is applied. 

The speed at which each molecule travels through the gel is called its electrophoretic mobility and is mainly determined by its net charge and size. Strongly charged molecules move faster than weakly charged ones.

Once the separation is complete, the gel is stained with a dye to reveal the separation bands. Ethidium bromide is a fluorescent dye commonly used in gel electrophoresis and special for this type of samples in the laboratory.

The gel is soaked in a dilute ethidium bromide solution and then placed in an ultraviolet transilluminator to visualize the separation bands. The bands are immediately examined 

Types of Electrophoresis Systems:

Horizontal gel electrophoresis

Horizontal gel electrophoresis uses basic theory for the separation of DNA, RNA, or protein molecules based on their respective molecular size and charge. In this technique, the gel is present in a horizontal orientation and is immersed in a buffer that is continuous. Agarose gel is used to separate the gel box into two compartments. One end of the gel box contains an anode, while the other end contains a cathode.

Vertical gel electrophoresis

The vertical gel electrophoresis technique works according to the primary theory of gel electrophoresis, but it is considered to be more complex than the horizontal gel electrophoresis method. This technique uses a discontinuous buffer. A cathode is located in the upper chamber, and the anode is located in the lower chamber. The electrodes present in each compartment provide the required electric field.

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