Laboratory Autoclave

The autoclave is an equipment designed to sterilize contaminated material and media, in order to reliably eliminate microorganisms that would otherwise be present in objects that are used in diagnostic, treatment or research activities in health institutions, hospitals and laboratories. . It is a metal container with thick walls with hermetic closure that allows working with steam at high pressure and temperature.

This equipment inactivates all viruses and bacteria, since the joint action of temperature and steam produces the denaturation of the proteins of microorganisms, including those essential for life and their reproduction, a fact that leads to their destruction. Its inventor was Charles Chamberland in 1879.

For a modern laboratory or research facility, controlling infections and achieving a sterile work environment is a central priority. Therefore, autoclaves are indispensable in this field. These devices guarantee the destruction of unwanted and harmful microorganisms. Steam sterilization autoclaves are generally used in laboratories. They use the strong heat of the steam to create a pressure inside the device and therefore kill the bacterial spores by denaturing and coagulating their cellular proteins by hydrolysis.

The importance of the autoclave in a hospital

An autoclave is a device used to sterilize medical or laboratory material, using steam at high pressure and temperature. The use of an autoclave eliminates viruses, bacteria, fungi and spores.

The main objective of a hospital or a clinic is quality healthcare for the population that comes in search of solutions to their health problems. Sterilization and disinfection of hospital items are support processes, and their importance derives from the fact that it is related to protecting users from infections.Every hospital must have a sterilization system where everyone is washed, disinfected and sterilized. the elements necessary for patient care.

The autoclave, thanks to its design (horizontal or vertical), allows the sterilization process to be carried out with high pressure and steam, killing any microorganism, including dangerous viruses and bacteria, as well as all their forms of spores. The use of a pressure steam autoclave is one of the best known and most effective sterilization methods. Sterilization is defined as the process of destroying all forms of microorganisms, including spores.

Applications of Autoclaves N, S and B

Autoclaves are equipment that uses a combination of high pressure and steam in order to transfer heat to the items placed inside it. These devices consist of a thick-walled metal container with a hermetic closure, which allows high-pressure sterilization, ensuring maximum disinfection of all clinical materials.

Invented in 1879 by Charles Chamberland, the first autoclave was essentially a sophisticated pressure cooker. Like the pressure cooker, the autoclave has undergone countless design improvements over the past centuries. From the first basic and mechanical machines to the sophisticated fully computerized engineering masterpieces of sterilization, autoclaves have come a long way.

There are three kinds of autoclaves: N, S and B. How do they differ from each other, what is their purpose and which autoclave is the most suitable according to the type of services you offer?

Our best-selling Autoclave:

Class N Benchtop Autoclave YR03395 - YR03400

It is a β€œClass N” semi-automatic autoclave that works without a steam generator. It has a pressure safety lock that can prevent it from opening if the chamber is pressurized, with two programs of 121 Β° C and 134 Β° C. It does not have a water tank, the water must be filled inside the chamber before sterilization .
With optional automatic water flush (YR03395, YR03396, YR03397), drying (only YR03396 and YR03397) and drying plus (only YR03397). And the sterilization time and drying can be adjusted.

Two programs of 121 Β° C and 134 Β° C can be selected.
LED display screen
It can display the temperature with high precision, which can be 0.01 Β° C.
High precision temperature control.
The water has to be deposited inside the chamber.

What should you keep in mind when choosing an autoclave for your laboratory?

Acquiring an autoclave for a laboratory is not always an easy decision, since there are a wide variety of models and brands on the market. You must bear in mind that thanks to autoclaves and their humid heat method, healthcare professionals can carry out a complete and effective sterilization process.

The first thing to be clear about is that the autoclaves for laboratories are known as class B autoclaves because they are the ones that perform the sterilization process in a more complete and safe way. Next, it is recommended to evaluate a series of characteristics of these teams

One of the aspects to consider is the internal volume of the autoclave chamber, since depending on this, the device will have a greater or lesser sterilization capacity. Depending on the use and size of the clinic, it will be convenient to choose one size or another, until you get the right one

On the other hand, the number of trays in the autoclave must also be checked. It usually has between three and four, although having an extra tray can be very necessary in certain circumstances. Analyze the sterilization capacity of porous materials, as well as bagged materials

Types of Autoclaves:

Horizontal Autoclave

YR series autoclaves are the highest performance autoclaves in the ICANCLAVE family with innovative design technologies in Europe. Includes 18 liters and 23 liters. With a fast cycle of only 15 minutes, delayed start, automatic water fill, light signature, peel cycle, label printer available.

Vertical Autoclave

This vertical autoclave is specially designed for the sterilization of liquids and food in laboratories, pharmaceutical and food factories. Standard built-in printer. Deionized water interface for steam generator supply. Rapid water cooling system for efficient sterilization


What is the ideal laboratory autoclave?

There are countless models, so it is normal that you do not know which laboratory autoclave to buy to suit your needs. At Kalstein, we evaluate them to find what you're looking for.

The steam autoclave in the laboratory

Steam sterilization is the preferred method of sterilization and works by denaturing proteins. The steam autoclave is an equipment designed for the use of high pressure and temperature steam ...

Double door autoclave and its application

Double door autoclaves are a special type of autoclave used in clean rooms and containment suites. In the case of a clean room application, the autoclave is used for the sterilization of equipment ...

How does a laboratory autoclave work?

Moist heat destroys microorganisms by coagulation of their cellular proteins. The main sterilization method using moist heat is pressure steam sterilization. There are other methods too ...

Horizontal autoclave vs. vertical

Laboratory sterilization has its own requirements. The choice of the right autoclave depends on different factors: the diversity of the load, the frequency of use, available services and the volumes of the loads.

Autoclaves are essential equipment for almost any type of laboratory since the sterilization process is carried out through them, so it is essential to choose the best and the one that best suits your needs, since autoclaves come in many forms and sizes, from compact and portable to recessed wall units, and many configurations, from horizontal front loading autoclaves to vertical top loading autoclaves.

Laboratory Autoclaves

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