Equipment needed for a bioanalysis laboratory

November 26, 2021by Kalstein
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A bioanalysis or diagnostic laboratory is a place where bioanalysis technicians and professionals analyze human biological samples (blood, urine, feces, biological fluids, exudates, among others), contributing significantly to the study, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases . They use multiple methodologies and techniques from various areas such as biochemistry, hematology, immunology, microbiology, and parasitology.

These places must be equipped with the necessary means to carry out all these clinical analyzes. Thanks to technological advances, clinical laboratories have incorporated in their different areas (biochemistry, hematology, coagulation, urine, immunology and microbiology), high-tech automated equipment that has allowed the delivery of results in less time, with greater precision and accuracy. and reducing the number of measurement errors.

Main equipment of a bioanalysis laboratory

Centrifuges

Equipment that allows the separation of plasma and serum from blood, obtaining sediments when centrifuging biological liquids for subsequent analysis, through the application of centrifugal force. It does this by rotating the samples at high speed.

Bain-marie

It is a device made up of a container filled with hot water, which is used to incubate samples in water at a constant temperature for a period of time. It is also used to carry out certain chemical reactions that occur at a certain temperature.

Microcentrifuge

It is a specialized centrifuge that allows to obtain the compact proportion of the volume of erythrocytes in the blood.

Micropipettes

They are devices used to absorb and transfer small volumes of liquids. They allow the use of different liquids without having to wash the equipment, since they use disposable tips that are generally sterile.

Laboratory oven

These are equipment used to dry and sterilize glass and metal materials. There are two types of stoves: those that work by natural convection and those that operate by forced convection.

Laboratory shakers

These are laboratory equipment used to combine, divide or prepare substances. These equipments create a movement between liquids or between liquids and solids in order to achieve processes of mixing, suspension, dispersion, homogenization, heat transfer, among others.

Automatic Urine Analyzer

It is a specialized equipment that allows the automated analysis of several key parameters of urine, allowing to evaluate the presence of urinary tract infections, determine the pH, blood loss and protein, as well as evaluate the presence glucose, ketone bodies, bilirubin in urine.

Coagulation analyzer

It is a laboratory equipment by which coagulation factors can be measured with precision and accuracy, essential elements required for the coagulation cascade to be carried out properly in the body, as well as products derived from the coagulation process and in this way to be able to identify possible abnormalities that can lead to excessive bleeding or thrombosis.

Hematology analyzer

It is a device that allows a complete blood count to be carried out. In other words, it performs a qualitative and quantitative analysis of red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), and platelets (thrombocytes). These devices generally have one of two methods for counting and identifying blood cells: electrical impedance or optical detection.

Biochemistry analyzer

Biochemistry analyzers, also known as clinical chemistry analyzers, are used to determine the metabolites present in biological samples such as blood, urine and other biological fluids. The study of these fluids makes it possible to diagnose many pathologies and diseases.

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